Pushtiraj Cattle Feed Literature

Pushtiraj Feed is made from the best quality raw materials at the best price.

Bangladesh is a rural country with a large population. The livestock sector has been playing a vital role in meeting the nutritional needs, earning foreign exchange and eliminating unemployment of this country. Apart from meeting the demand for meat, the relentless efforts of the farmers in the development of the country are certainly to be commended. But the lack of good quality feed in the production of cow’s milk and meat has always hampered the progress of the farmers. Lack of quality feed increases the cost of beef and milk production. As the market price of beef and milk is lower than the cost of production, the farmers are gradually losing interest in milk and meat production. To solve this problem of the farmers, Arman Feeds and Fisheries Ltd., has brought to the market the best-quality and nutritious cattle feed. These feeds are committed to ensuring high quality, minimum feed conversion rate (FCR), and free of harmful ingredients for humans and cattle.

Features of Pushtiraj Cattle Feed:

      • For maximum production in cattle, improved quality agreed breeds and balanced cattle feed are required. Pushtiraj cattle feed is produced in state-of-the-art automatic machines in the light of the highest technology.

      • This feed is prepared under the direct supervision of renowned and experienced animal nutritionists from home and abroad, thus maintaining its excellent quality.

      • The raw materials used in the production of Pushtiraj Cattle Feed are quality controlled through testing in modern laboratories.

      • Pushtiraj Feed contains a variety of feed additives in the right amount, including vitamins and minerals.

      • This feed is tastier and more digestible than the animals like.

      • As it is marketed in high quality and attractive packets, Pustiraj Cattle feed can be stored sterile for 2 months.

      • Pushtiraj Dairy / Beef Feed does not contain harmful steroids so there are no side effects.

      • Feeding Pushtiraj Dairy / Beef Feed does not require extra khail, kura, husk, etc.

      • The use of Pushtiraj Dairy feed increases milk production by 1-1.5 liters in domestic cows and 2-3 liters in crossbred cows.

      • Feeding Pushtiraj Dairy Feed warms the cow in time and ensures pregnancy.

      • Pushtiraj Dairy Feed ensures the health of the cow after calving and enhances immunity.

      • Under the ideal conditions of Pushtiraj Dairy Feed, domestic bulls gain an average of 500-600 grams per day, and improved breeds gain an average of 1-1.2 kg per day.

Nutritional Analysis of Pushtiraj Cattle Feed:

Pushtiraj Cattle Feed Feeding Rules:
For Cow Fattening:

For every 75 kg body weight, besides hay and raw grass, 1 kg of Pushtiraj beef feed (for meat) should be fed daily.

For example, if the bodyweight of a bull is 300 kg, then a total of 4 kg of Pushtiraj beef feed should be fed daily, of which 2 kg should be provided in the morning and 2 kg in the afternoon. In this case, there is no need to supply extra khail, kura, and husks. It should be noted that in addition to granular feed, an adequate amount of hay, raw grass and water should be provided (according to the weight of cattle).

For milk production:

To produce milk per liter, a cow should be fed hay and raw grass as well as 0.5 kg of Pushtiraj dairy feed every day.
For example, Cows producing 10 liters of milk daily should be fed a total of 5 kg of Pushtiraj dairy feed, of which 2.5 kg should be provided in the morning and 2.5 kg in the afternoon.
Pregnant cows (last 2 months of pregnancy) should be fed 2-2.5 kg of Pushtiraj dairy feed daily.
Bakna calves should be fed 1.5-2.5 kg of Pushtiraj dairy feed daily.
Note: To keep the body of the cow healthy, the cow should be fed 1-1.5 kg of Pushtiraj dairy feed every day (in addition to what is required for milk production).

Cow selection:

The following issues should be followed in selecting cows according to the appropriate breed and type.

    (A) Age of cow:

Generally, the growth rate of a 1-3 years old crossbred bull is higher than other ages, so such cattle should be selected for fattening.

Method of determining the age of cow:

If the date of birth of the calf is not kept in the register, the age can be determined by looking at the rings of the cow’s teeth and horns.

Determining the age of the cow by looking at the teeth:

Total teeth or pairs
Temporary teeth/milk teeth
4th week
8 teeth or 4 pairs
2-2.5 years
2 teeth or 1 pair in the middle of the lower gum
3-3.5 years
4 teeth or 2 pairs in the middle of the lower gum
Permanent teeth
4-4.5 years
6 teeth or 3 pairs in the middle of the lower gum
5-5.5 years
8 teeth or 4 pairs in the middle of the lower gum
Tooth decay
6 years
The middle two teeth begin to decay
7-8 years
Two more teeth in the middle begin to decay

Determining the age of the cow by looking at the horns:

It is easier to determine the age of a cow by looking at the horns. In this case, the age is determined by looking at the round ring of the horn.

The number of rings per + 2 = the actual age of the cow.

(B) Conditions for purchase of cows for fattening:

1. In fattening cows, it is more profitable to buy Sahiwal Shankar and Friesian Shankar bulls than local bulls.
2. If possible, find out the genealogical identity of the cow.
3. Must be bull or ox cow.
4. The head must be small, the neck short and the forehead wide.
5. The skin of the body will be loose, the shoulders will be very smooth.
6. The back should be flat, much flatter.
7. It should be wide and thick on both sides of the waist.
8. The chest should be wide and expansive.
9. The size of the bone joints should be thick.

10.The front legs should be short and strong.
11. The cow will look like a rectangle when standing normally.
12. Physically, the cow should be free from diseases and defects.
13. Bad-tempered cows should not be purchased.

(C) Conditions for purchase of cows for milk production:

1. The head will be light and small in size, the forehead will be wide and bright.
2. The front of the body will be light and the back will be heavy.
3. All the limbs of the cow will be harmonious and well organized.
4. Body shape will be attractive, body structure will be loose.
5. The ribs can be felt clearly and the bone structure will be consistent.
6. The skin will be thin, no fat will accumulate under the skin, the hair will be smooth and shiny.
7. Udder will be large and well-organized and will be compatible with the body. The space between the two legs at the back will be wide. The teats will be the same size. The four teats will be equal and parallel. Milk capacity can be estimated by looking at udder.
8. The milk veins will be thick and clear. The milk veins in the lower abdomen along the navel will be zigzag.

Cattle health examination and application of deworming:

1. It is necessary to check the disease of the cows and make them healthy with proper treatment.
2. Cows need to be dewormed with deworming drugs. Because in our country about 100% of the cows are infected with worms. For this purpose, after purchasing cows, deworming medicine must be applied. Then 3 to 4 cows. Deworming should be done every month.
3. Liver tonic and vitamins should be given after each application.

Vaccination schedule for various diseases of cattle:

Things to consider for proper use of the vaccine:

1. Proper temperature control.
2. Vials of the vaccine should never be exposed to direct sunlight.
3. Vaccination programs should be started in the morning or evening when the intensity of sunlight is low.
4. Vaccination should be done as directed by the manufacturer/organization to avoid exposure to sunlight.
5. After mixing the vaccine in water, the vaccine should be applied in a healthy environment and a shady place in the right manner and in the right amount.
6. The vaccine should be applied within 2 hours of mixing in winter and 1 hour in summer. In case of delay in vaccination, cold water or ice cubes should be placed next to the mixed vaccine container.

Cattle habitat:

All places and surroundings where cattle are reared should be kept clean and tidy. Habitat is better if it is slightly sloping so that water and rainwater can flow away. Each cow needs 32-40 square feet (8 feet by 4 feet) or (8 feet by 5 feet) space. The height of the house should be 12-15 feet. It is better if the house is facing north-south. The floor of the house should be unevenly paved or brick-laid. The two-row commercial cattle sheds are facing east and outward rows.

(A) Rooms with inward rows:

1. In this house the cows are in a facing position. This method is called the “face to face” method.
2. In front of both rows there is chari for feeding. The length and width of the chari will be = 24 inches, height = 26 inches, and depth = 16 inches.
3. There is a walkway (4 feet wide) along the middle of both rows of chari for care and feeding. So that the attendant can serve feed in both rows at same time.
4. The back of the cow is facing outwards.
5. There should be a drain (1 foot wide) along the back of the cow.
6. Dung and urine should be cleaned from the drain every day.

(B) Exterior row houses:

1. The cows in this house are in a retro position.
2. This method is called the “Tail to Tail” method.
3. In the middle of both the rows there is a road with a width of 2 feet and a drain with a width of 1 foot.
4. In front of two rows of cows there is a feed container (of the same size) and a 2 feet wide road for movement.
5. In this way the cow gets free air.
6. The back of the cow is inward. Dung can be easily cleaned by traveling on the same road.

Regular recording of cow weight is an important issue. The weight of all the cows purchased at the beginning of the project should be recorded separately and every 15 consecutive days the weight of each cow should be checked to see if the weight has increased in line with the feed supply. It shows the progress in observance. It is best to use a balance or electric weight gauge to determine the actual weight of the cow. However, the weight of the cow can be found out in a simple formula. The result is close to the weight of the cow. In this method, the length and chest size of the cattle are taken through measuring tape.
The length of the cow (a) = from the base of the cow’s tail (pin bone) or from the high bone of the hip to the shoulder point.
Chest circumference (b) = A cow’s chest circumference along the back of the front two legs.

Weight (kg) = (a×b×b)÷660

Other Care and Proper Management of Cattle:

01. The cow should be bathed by rubbing her body every day and it is better to brush with it. Due to this body hair will be smooth and shiny.
02. The level of feed intake of cows also depends on the serving of feed.

Such as:
* The pot must be cleaned before providing the required amount of balanced granular feed.
* Provide feed every day at specified times.
* Always keep feed in front of the cow.
* Serve the required amount of granular feed twice (morning and afternoon). If used to eating granular feed soaked in a half-broken state, give it that way.
* Water immediately after taking dry granular feed.
* Cutting straw and serving it soaked is less wasted and increases the acceptability of feed.
* Rotten, stale and old feed and soil and sandy feed must be avoided.

03. Fibrous feed should be eaten in 5-6 pieces.
04. Depending on the body weight, the required feed is not given at once but 5-6 times in 24 hours to improve the digestion of the cow.
05. The ratio of balanced granular feed, hay, raw grass, and water in the daily diet should be 1: 3: 5: 10/15.
06. Soaking the straw in water for 2-3 hours before feeding makes it more digestible and increases the digestion of cattle.
07. The more the cow eats, the faster the body meat will grow.
08. Cattle should not be allowed to move excessively.
09. Cows cannot be used for any kind of work.
10. Cattle should be protected from mosquitoes and flies.
11. Cattle should always have fresh water from the tubewell.
12. Accommodation must always be kept clean and tidy.
13. Housing, feed containers should be cleaned with disinfectant once a week.
14. Adequate lighting and ventilation should be provided in the house.
15. Feed storage areas should be kept clean so that rats or dogs do not spoil the feed.
16. Balanced granular feed should be stored and supplied based on body weight.
17. Regular deworming should be applied.
18. Infectious diseases should be vaccinated in time.
19. Weigh the cow once a week.
20. If the cow is sick, treatment should be taken immediately.

Cattle Diseases and Hygiene:

Signs that cattle are healthy:

1. Cattle will be alert to their surroundings and will move normally.
2. Nails, face, eyes will be clean and bright.
3. Body hair will be smooth and shiny.
4. The tip of the nose will be wet and sweaty to the point.
5. Move the ears and tail to repel mosquitoes and flies.
6. Will eat and drink normally.
7. Chewing, thirst will remain normal.
8. Stool-urine will remain normal and body temperature will remain normal.
If the cow is sick, the exception to the above condition will be seen and the symptoms of the disease will be manifested.

Ways of entry of pathogens into the body of cattle:

Diseases and germs can enter the body of cattle in different ways. The germs usually enter the body through the mouth-cavity, nostrils, skin lesions, vaginal tract, urinary tract, pores, eyes, etc. To prevent the disease in cattle, it is necessary to have an idea about the way of spreading the disease.

The germs are usually spread as follows:

01. Through the air
02. Through animals and insects
03. Through a variety of birds
04. By rivers, reservoirs, and rainwater
05. By hat-bazaar cattle or cattle products
06. By vehicles carrying cattle
07. By the skin and other remains of dead cattle
08. By caregivers and inspectors

Prevention of Infectious Diseases:

The following measures should be taken to prevent infectious diseases:

01. Newly purchased or otherwise adopted cattle cannot be brought in and kept with other cattle on the farm at the same time. They should be monitored separately for three weeks. If the new cattle do not show any signs of disease during this period, they can be kept with the old farm animals.
02. The shoe should be immersed in water mixed with disinfectant before entering the farm by outside visitors.
03. Vaccines against infectious diseases that are available should be given at the right time and in the right manner. In addition to vaccinating your farm, the cattle on the adjacent farm should also be encouraged to vaccinate.
04. In case of contagious disease in any area, measures should be taken to prevent the cattle or cattle products from going to the market or outside the area.
05. The entry and movement of wild animals on the farm should be stopped. In addition, mosquitoes, flies, rats, and other insects must be destroyed.
07. Diseased cows should be treated on the farm. If there is no chance of recovery, the meat can be slaughtered and eaten as per the advice of the veterinarian, but if it is found to be harmful to public health, the carcass should be buried or burnt.

Note: There is no comparison of Pushtiraj Dairy/Beef Feed to ensure safe nutrition of cattle. Feeding Pushtiraj Dairy/Beef Feed for a long time as it has all the right amount of nutrients, there is no possibility of any side effects.